Palais Garnier is also known as Opéra de Paris. It was officially opened in 1875 and was the national opera until 1989 when Opéra Bastille was built.
The project started in 1861 but wasn't completed before the end of 1874. The construction of the opera had many obstructions and accidents. One of the greatest problems was that the building was being built on top of an underground lake which first had to be emptied. That took 8 months of constant pumping. Other delays were due to the French-Prussian war, which almost completely stalled the project. Finally, January the 15th, 1875 the opera could be opened with a lavish gala performance at the joy of Paris.
Several years later the opera experienced a tragic accident where a contra weight for one of the chandeliers fell and killed a person. All these accidents and events around the opera inspired Gaston Leroux to write his great novel, Le Fantôme de l'Opéra, which later has been made into a film several times as well as a musical.
The opera has room for 2.200 spectators and is 11.000 square metres. The great scene has room for 450 actors and the central chandelier weighs over 6 tons.
It is one of the places in Paris you must visit.
Officiel website: http://www.operadeparis.fr/
Line A, stop Auber
Line E, stop Haussmann - Saint-Lazare
Line 3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13 og 14
Stop: Opéra, Havre-Caumartin, Saint-Augustin and Saint-Lazare